The African Origins of Islam – by Ndagi Abdullahi

Most of us today are not aware of the fact that Islam was originally a Black African Negro religion. We are usually surprised when we are told that Islam originated in Africa and that Islam was originally the religion of the Black African Negro man before it spread over the rest of the world. But, and as we shall demonstrate in the following paragraphs, there are incontrovertible evidences, documentary and otherwise, in prove of the fact that Islam was originally a Black African Negro religion.

We should start by pointing out the fact that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) himself kept on saying throughput his lifetime that Islam started with the first human being, that is Prophet Adam and that all other prophets, including himself Prophet Muhammad, were merely successive reformers of the original religion of Islam initiated by Prophet Muhammad.

But then Prophet Adam was a Black African Negro. The 26th and 28th Ayats of Suratul Hijr related that Prophet Adam was created out of “Black sounding” clay or mud and many Islamic scholars have explained this as meaning that Prophet Adam was created a Black African Negro.

Muslim scholars have always known that Prophet Adam was a Black African Negro. And, in the same vein, Muslim scholars have also always known that Eve, the wife to Prophet Adam, was a Black African Negro woman; this is because the Qur’anic name for Eve, Hauwa was an Old Arabic word that directly means ‘Black’. It is in this regard Mekaeel Maknon wrote that, “Even the fact that Hawa (Eve) was dark-skinned was already known to scholars of Islam. E.W. Lane, in his Arabic-English Lexicon, (Book 1, Part 2, p.661), says that the name Hawa (the Arabic equivalent of Eve) signifies ‘a brown colour, redness inclining to blackness or a colour intermixed with the blackish red dust like the rust of iron’. In short, she was black or, if you prefer, a dark-skinned women.”

If Prophet Adam was a Black African Negro then Islam started as the religion of Black Negro Africa.

In fact the Holy Prophet Muhammad himself categorically stated in the 61st and 62nd Hadiths of the Sahih Muslim that, “Islam initiated as something African, and it would revert to its (old position) of being African, so good tidings for the Africans.”

The word used by the Holy Prophet Muhammad for Africa and the Africans in the above hadith is ‘Gharib’ which is the Old Arabic word for ‘Black Negro Africa’. Africa was originally known as Gharib in the Arab world and that is why we see Africa being referred to as the Maghrib or Ma-Gharib to this very day by the Arab world. In fact the Arabic word Maghrib has even found its way into the English dictionary as the word for the name of Western North Africa.

Latter translator who use the Modern Arabic sense of the word Gharib as ‘strangers’ are only making the above Hadith senseless and meaningless when they translate the Hadith as “Islam initiated as something strange, and it would revert to its (old position) of being strange, so good tidings for the strangers.”

So, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) himself categorically stated that Islam originated as African and will go back to being African.

The African Religion of Kufr
Most of the ancient religions mentioned in the Qur’an and the Hadiths were actually ancient Black African Negro religions that spread to Arabia in very ancient times. We discuss the three ancient religions of Kufr, Hanif and Jahilliyya in the following paragraphs.

The Qur’an talked about the Kafirs and their religious system of Kufr. A closer look at the terms Kafir or Kufur really reveals the fact that both of them are actually derivatives of the ancient Black African Negro term ‘Kafara’.

But Kafara is the mirror-image of the Faraka. This means that Kafara and Faraka are actually one and the same word. But Faraka was an ancient African religion that later on spread out to become a world religion.

Whenever the Qur’an talks about Kafirs, Kufur, Kafara, or related ancient terms, it is also actually talking, in a tropical sense apart from the common sense we are all familiar with, about a very ancient Black African Negro world religion that flourished several millennia, if not a million years, ago. Kafara was a very ancient African religion which was practiced in those far off days when Africa was known as Kafara or Faraka.

Even the modern name ‘Africa’ is a Latin corruption of the original Faraka name of Black Negro Africa. Africa is progressively derived from Faraka as follows: Africa, Afrika, Afaraka, Faraka.

The African Religion of the Hanif
In the same vein there was another ancient African religion called Fara. This Fara was also pronounced, due to dialectal variations, as Fana or Fani. Now then the mirror-image of Fani is, of course, Nifa. And it was this Nifa that the Arabs used to pronounce as Hanifa or Hanif which they said was the religion of Abraham.

The point here is that back here in Africa Prophet Abraham was actually known as Afra or Afara which is the African way of pronouncing Fara which, as we have demonstrated above, is the original name from which the Arabic Hanif was progressively derived.

Hanif was originally a Black African Negro religion for the simple fact that the originator of that religion, Prophet Abraham, was himself a Black African Negro. The very name Abraham glaringly attest to the fact that Abraham was a Black African Negro. Abraham is a compound of Abra and Ham. Abra is the same as Afra, since f and b are interchangeable phonemes, which, as we have mentioned above, is the original name of Abraham. And Ham, as we all know, is the Biblical term for Black African Negroes generically associated with Ham the third son of Prophet Noah who was a Black African Negro.

In any case it was from Black Negro Africa that the religion of Hanif spread to Arabia.

There were practitioners of the ancient Black African Negro religion of Hanif in Arabia in the days that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was born.

That was the state of affairs when Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam was born in the holy city of Mecca the centre of the Jahiliyya religion. He was born in 570.

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam was a very spiritually minded person right from the beginning of his life and was said to have always sought after the orthodox religion of Prophet Ibrahim Alaihis Salam. That was what pulled Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam into the Hanif fundamentalism movement which included prominent righteous personalities like Waraqah, the Prophet’s elderly cousin and Zaid ibn Amr. The Hanifs were absolutely opposed to the religions of Jahiliyya, Judaism and Christianity.

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We quote below the 169th Hadith in the 5th Volume of Sahih Bukhari as narrated by Abdullah bin Umar; this hadith gives an early insight the nature of the Hanif religious movement before the rise of Islam.

The Prophet met Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail in the bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before any Divine Inspiration came to the Prophet. A meal was presented to the Prophet but he refused to eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who said, “I do not eat anything which you slaughter in the name of your stone idols. I eat none but those things on which Allah’s Name has been mentioned at the time of slaughtering.” Zaid bin ‘Amr used to criticize the way Quraish used to slaughter their animals, and used to say, “Allah has created the sheep and He has sent the water for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in other than the Name of Allah. He used to say so, for he rejected that practice and considered it as something abominable.”

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, “I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing about it.” The Jew said, “You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah’s anger.” Zaid said, “‘I do not run except from Allah’s anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?” He said, “I do not know any other religion except the Hanif.” Zaid enquired, “What is Hanif?” He said, “Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to worship none but Allah (Alone)” Then Zaid went out and met a Christian religious scholar and told him the same as before. The Christian said, “You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah’s curse.” Zaid replied, “I do not run except from Allah’s curse, and I will never bear any of Allah’s curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?” He replied, “I do not know any other religion except Hanif.” Zaid enquired, “What is Hanif?” He replied, Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham, who was neither a Jew nor a Christian and he used to worship none but Allah (Alone).” When Zaid heard their Statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham.”

Narrated Asma bint Abi Bakr: I saw Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the Ka’ba and saying, “O people of Quraish! By Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of Abraham except me.” He used to preserve the lives of little girls: If somebody wanted to kill his daughter he would say to him, “Do not kill her for I will feed her on your behalf.” So he would take her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say to her father, “Now if you want her, I will give her to you, and if you wish, I will feed her on your behalf.”

The African Religion of Jahiliyya
Before the rise of Islam there was the religion of Jahiliyya in Arabia especially in the Hijaz. Jahiliyya was a neo-Jara resurgence of the protoprehistoric religion of Jara of the Ija civilization of the Black World Order era.

As should be known the Black World Order was a the reigning world order which lasted from the very beginning of mankind – that is from the time of Prophet Adam – to the very beginning of the historical period of Antiquity just at the end of Prehistory, that is, some ten to twenty thousand years ago.

The Indo-European Anarchy era that set in at the end of Antiquity was not to only ushered in the worldwide rebellious anarchism that we referred to as Hellenistic Anarchism – not because it is wholly Hellenistic but because it took place during the period of Hellenism – was to gave vent to an innumerable revivalism of several religions and world values of the past including Hellenistic Hinduism, Hellenistic Judaism, Hellenistic Jahiliyya, and so on and so forth.

Hellenistic Jahiliyya was the neo-Jara revivalism of the ancient Jara religion of the Ija Civilization of the Black World era. Please, for sweeping details on this complex topic, read my books titled ‘The Black World Order’.

The neo-Jara religion of Jahiliyya was dominant over the entire Arabian peninsular during the time of the period of Hellenism. Contrary to the revisionist exegeses of the Arab historians of old Jahiliyya is not an Arabic term meaning ‘Ignorance’, rather Jahiliyya was a highly advanced religion of very ancient origins.

Even by the time of the end of Antiquity Jahiliyya had already been in Arabia for a very long time indeed. It was a religion with the ancient Jara tenets of deep-felt spiritualism centred on the nature worship of the Jinns and water deities all symbolically represented in the various idols the greatest of which are arrayed at the Ka’ba sanctuary in the ancient city of Mecca. The Ka’ba was the focus of the annual pilgrimage of Jahiliyya devotees from all parts of Arabia and beyond. Among the rituals of Jahiliyya was the sacrifice of female infants who are buried alive. Jahiliyya was obviously biased chauvinistically against women for in the days of Jahiliyya women were highly demeaned by the Arabian society.

Jahiliyya was an African religion
But Jahiliyya was originally introduced into Arabia by the Africans who were in those days the colonial masters of Arabia. It should be noted that a great part of the ancient civilization of Arabia derives mainly from very deep African roots.

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What most people are not aware of today is that in the very days of Prophet Muhammad there were other Jahiliyya ka’abas in other parts of Arabia. There is this famous Hadith (the 160th Hadith of the %th Volume of the Sahih Bukhari collections) about the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) ordering his Sahaba companions to go and destroy another Ka’aba popularly known as the Al-Ka’ba Al-Yamaniya or Al-Ka’ba Ash-Shamiya which was a rival to the Ka’aba at Mecca.

The religion of Jahiliyya was centred around the veneration of Black Ka’aba-like cubic or pyramid or rock structures invariably housing Black stones like the Hajar i-Aswad we see in the Ka’aba at Mecca today.

But this religion of Jahiliyya originated from Black Negro Africa and in the very days of Prophet Muhammad himself there were these ancient Black rocks, Black pyramids and cubic altars like today’s Ka’aba all over Black Negro Africa. Historical documentaries exist in particular of these structures being sighted in ancient Abyssinia in the places we call Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan today.

Interestingly even the Kano Chronicle related that Dala, the founder of Kano, was high priest of ancient Jahiliyya-like religion. Dr. Muhammadu Uba Adamu (Kantoma), instance, wrote in this regard that, Dala, “The arrival of Dala) Kano brought about not only some innovations in the entire religious activities of the community, but also an organized method of pagan rites, in line with those which used to be made in Makkah in the pre-Islamic period (jahiliyya).

“In the first instance, Dala introduced a building, a four cornered room for his idol at the bottom of Dala in which nobody could enter except the chief priest. He also introduced a yearly religious congregation in which all the followers of Tsumburbura idol from the four regions would attend. This ceremony, which was sustained long after his death, was conducted every year in the month of al-Muharram or Id-el-Adha which coincided with the same religious congregation held in Makkah for hajj in the same year and month.”

The implication here is that Jahiliyya was ancient religion practiced right here in ancient Nigeria in prehistoric times. After all, and as we have been saying all along, Jahiliyya originated from here, in the heart of Black Negro Africa, a very long time ago before it spread to all other parts of the world including Arabia.

Lady Flora Shaw also noticed that the Jahiliyya of Arabia and the ancient religion of the ancient Nigerians best exemplified by Dala and Barbushe’s annual pilgrims and rituals at the Dala hills of Kano, may be the same. In fact she said that ancient Nigeria was the last stronghold of the religion of Jahiliyya. The interesting point here is that Black Negro Africa was the origin and the last resting place of the ancient religion of Jahiliyya.

Interestingly enough Lady Flora Shaw reminded us that Captain Hugh Clapperton saw the same religion of Jahiliyya rituals being practiced by the Nupe people right in these historical times. Captian Hugh Clapperton was in Nupeland in the 1830s and he described, in some details, that the Black Ketsa rock on the Jebba island was the site of an annual pilgrimage from all parts of ancient Nigeria. In the 1830s when Captain Hugh Clapperton visited Nupeland the Ketsa rock on the Jebba island was more or less the Ka’aba of the ancient Nigerians.

To this very day the Ketsa rock on the Jebba island is a sacred sanctuary of the Nupe people where the chains of Tsoede, photographed by Professor S.F. Nadel on the Jebba island, are still worshipped.

So, and to cut the story short, Jahiliyya originated as Black African Negro religion and was still in practice, long after it has been abolished by Islam in Arabia, as recent as the 1830s here in ancient Nigeria the heart of Black Negro Africa.

When the African masters of Arabia became Christians at the beginning of the Christian era they decided to impose their new-founded faith on their Arabian subjects. The Arabians, already empowered by the Indo-European Anarchy, viciously rebelled against their African overlords and the introduction of a new religion to replace Jahiliyya.

The traditions still exist as to the resultant clashes of interests that naturally followed. There was the story of the desecration, by a Jahiliyya Arab, of the church built at Syria. There was also the story of the ‘Year of the Elephant’ when Abraha, the African Governor General of Arabia, decide to demolish the Ka’ba at Mecca the centre of the religion of Jahiliyya. The Abraha expedition was a total failure however.

Middle East was a Black African Civilization
The Semites, both the Jews and the Arabs, were people of African origins and descents. And the folklores and mythologies of both the Jews and the Arab alluded to their ancestors having originally come from Africa.

That Arabia was originally a black African colony under Black African civilization is a fact well attested to by anthropological and historical evidences. Runoko Rashidi wrote that, “Archaeologists have long shown that African people were the first people to occupy the Arabian Peninsula, and there has always been a substantial population in Arabia of people of African descent.”

Runoko Rashidi pointed out that the whole of the Arabian Peninsula was once entirely dominated by Black African. Dr. G. Kinsley wrote “In fact, Negroes ruled Arabia.”

As a matter of fact Arabia was considered by the ancients to have been part and parcel of the African continent. Marsha Stewart wrote that, “In biblical times ‘Africa’ included much of what European maps call the ‘Middle East.’ European mapmakers determined regions on the top of Africa would be divided according to distances from Europe: ‘Near East,’ ‘Middle East’ and ‘Far East.’ Remember, the name Africa is actually of Latin origin and was imposed on the great continent by European explorers.”

As a matter of fact archaeological discoveries have conclusively proven that Arabia was, once upon a time, a Black African civilization through and through. Cheikh Anta Diop wrote that “the entire arab people, including the Prophet [Muhammad(pbuh)] is mixed with Negro blood. All educated Arabs are conscious of that fact.”

Arabian Culture Originated From Black Africa
Arabian culture has repeatedly been demonstrated by scholars to have been derived from ancient Ethiopian and Black African origins.

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The Arabian Nights tales have been demonstrated to have originally been Black African stories adopted by the Arabians from their Black African overlords.

Drusilla Dunjee Houston wrote that, “Sayce speaks of Egyptian manuscripts that contain versions of stories very similar to those we have read in the Arabian Nights. There tire tales with plots like Cinderella. The Taking of Joppa, is almost identical with the Forty Thieves. There are other stories like Sinbad the Sailor.”

Ad was Ethiopia
Arabian mythology and Islamic scriptural sources related the story of an ancient super civilization of Ad. The Alim Islamic Encyclopedia wrote that the Ad, “were physically well-built and renowned for their craftsmanship especially in the construction of tall buildings with lofty towers. They were outstanding among all the nations in power and wealth.”

Ignatius Donnelly pointed out that Ethiopia was the same ancient global and super civilization that is known among the Arabs as the Ad. Ignatius Donnelly actually wrote that, “The great Ethiopian or Cushite Empire, which in the earliest ages prevailed, as Mr. Rawlinson says, ‘from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean, from the shores of the Mediterranean to the mouth of the Ganges,’ was the empire of Dionysus, the empire of ‘Ad,’ the empire of Atlantis.”

Ancient Palestine was a nation of Black Africans.

Samaria was Black African and Negroid. Drusilla Dunjee Houston wrote that, “The Scriptures and ancient records called the Samaritans Cushites.”

Arabia was Colonised by Black Africans
The point is that Arabia was originally a colonial possession of Africa. Given the geopolitical closeness of the Arabian Peninsula it is not surprising that Arabia was colonised and dominated socioculturally and religiopolitically for several millennia on end.

As a matter of fact the colonisation of Arabia by Black African overlords continued right into historical times. For instance, and right into the time of the birth of Prophet Muhammed, Arabia was still by and large a colonial possession of Africa.

The rise of Axum in the 1st century BC led to an unmitigated re-establishment of Black African colonial power over South Arabia.

South Arabia was dominated by king Gadara and his son in the second to third millennia AD.

The Black African king Azbah sent a colonial force to administer South Arabia in the 2nd century AD.

In 524 AD South Arabia was brought under another strong colonial administration of Black Africans from Africa under King Ella Astbeha. Ella Atsbeha was a Black African world emperor who came all the way from Africa to re-establish Christianity in South Arabia.

With the return of Emperor Ella Atsbeha back to Africa one of his leading war generals, Abraha, became the governor of South Arabia. Abaraha was a Black African who came from Africa to establish a thorough Black African dispensation over the whole of the Arabian Peninsula. He enforced Black African culture over the whole of Arabia and attempted to spread Christianity from South Arabia to North Arabia.

The story of the miraculous collapse of Abraha’s conquering forces, which included a cavalry of elephants, is related in Arabian traditions and is the theme of the 114th Ayat of the Qur’an – Suratul Fil.

In order to prove that Arabia was once a Black African colony Dr. Kingsley went forward to use Ghana as an example of a West African Negro nation: “if the Semites had ruled Ghana their customs would have governed the succession to the throne of Ghana. The Semites practiced patrilineal, but he Ghana people practiced matrilineal succession.”

The African Ancestry of Prophet Muhammed
Islamic and Arabic traditions are replete with documentary evidences testifying to the fact that Prophet Muhammad’s parents and grand parents were Black Africans. The renowned Islamic scholar Al-Jahiz wrote that Prophet Muhammed’s grandfather Abdul Muttalib “fathered ten Lords, Black as the night and magnificent.” Of course Abdullah, the father of Prophet Muhammad, was one of these ten Lords who were as ‘Black as the night’.

Runoko Rashidi wrote that, “Muhammad himself, who was to unite the whole of Arabia, appears to have had a prominent African lineage.”

Southern Arabia the last Bastion of Negro Arabia
Southern Arabia remained, most especially, a Black African enclave right into historical times. Maunfu 9 wrote, “Much of the Arabian peninsular had originally been populated by Blacks. The area was a colony of the kingdom of Kush. Southern Arabia, in particular, remained black for a considerable period as the Greeks themselves attest.”

In the beginning the whole of the Arabia was populated and dominated by Black Africans. But with time the Arabian Peninsula was invaded by nomadic White races. John D. Baldwin wrote that, “Not long before the Arabian peninsula had been overrun by Semites, chiefly nomads, who became the permanent inhabitants. The previous conquests of the ancient world denominated by modern books as Semitic were Cushite Arabian and not of the later Semitic Arabian race. Through this error many ancient branches of the Hamitic race are lined up its Semitic.”

As white influences increased across the Peninsula it was Southern Arabia that eventually became the last bastion of Black Africans in Arabia.

Runoko Rashidi wrote that, “The Arabian Peninsula was early populated by Black people. Once dominant over the entire peninsula, the African presence in early Arabia is most clearly traceable through the Sabeans. The southwestern corner of the peninsula was their ancient home. This area is today called Yemen.”

The Arabs were originally a Black African people.

Genetic markers have shown that the Arabs were originally a Black African people. Ogu Eji Ofo Anu wrote that, “Sickle cell gene is also highly expressive among the middle eastern populations. Sickle cell Haplogroups of African origin are routinely sequenced amongst the populations of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iraq and Turkey. Given that sickle cell gene is a rare genetic mutation even with reference to Equatorial Africa where it originated, its prevalence in the so called middle east suggests the great density of population settlement from Africa in pre-historic and historic times.”

Prophet Muhammad
Prophet Muhammad is of Black African ancestry. Abu Uthman Amr Ibn Bahr Al-Jahiz wrote that Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of Prophet Muhammad, was a Black African and that his ten sons, including Abdullahi the father of Prophet Muhammad, were “as Black as the Night.”

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